Warming up before exercise and cooling down afterwards is usually the least favourite part of a training session for many and is avoided by most. However, in my opinion it is the most important part of any training programme and here’s why you should always warm up prior to exercise;
- Increased body temperature encourages the flow of synovial fluid around the joints to protect and reduce friction during your training session.
- Oxygen release improves as body temperature increases.
- Increases heart rate gradually to reduce stress on the heart.
- Muscles contract and relax more effectively as body temperature increases therefore less likely so suffer an injury.
- Improves your ability to focus.
- Increases blood flow to the muscles.
- Stimulates the nerve to muscle pathway.
Cool Down………………why bother?
- Reduces the risk of DOMS (delayed onset muscle soreness).
- Assists in the removal of waste products and toxins produced by the body during exercise such as lactic acid.
- Prevents blood pooling and dizziness after training by maintaining the circulation of blood.
- Assists transportation of nutrients and oxygen to the muscles, ligaments, tendons that may have been damaged during exercise.
- Brings down the heart rate gradually to reduce stress on the heart.